01.

Vicuna

Vicuna is a South Americam camelid that lives in the high Andean areas, they a relatives to the llamas and alpacas.

The vicunas long, woolly coat is tawny brown on the back, whereas the hair on the throat and chest is white and quite long.

They are very shy animals, and are easily aroused by intruders, due, among other things, to their extraordinary hearing.

02.

Habitat

These graceful animals live above 3,800 m.a.s.l. mainly in the Peruvians Andes.

They feed in daytime on the grassy plains of the Andes Mountains, but spend the nights on the slopes. In these areas, they only eat nutrient-poor, tough, bunch grasses.

The vicuna today canters freely in the Andean highlands after defeating the danger of its extinction.

03.

Fiber

Vicuna is the finest animal fiber in the world with an average diameter of 12-13 microns.

Every two years, it produces 250 grams of incomparable soft and light hair. We can get about 170 gr. of fiber from a vicuna, but that amount is obtained after being turned into a yarn, and as such it gives us a result of 60 or 43 grams of usable yarn. A scarf weights 130 grams (finished) so you will need the hair of about 3 or 4 vicuñas to be able to make 1 scarf.

Vicunas have to be around 1 ½ or 2 years old to have the hair length necessary for shearing, if they are too young or old their hair will be shorter and consequently they cannot be sheared.

There are communities in the highlands that survived only because they are able to sell the fiber, so there is also a social aspect for it. Besides by shearing them we assure their survival because it is an organized and authorized shearing, if we don’t, we could be promoting the illegal shearing.

PROPERTIES:

– Fineness: It has different thicknesses ranging from 6 to 35 microns. The general average is 13.5 microns.
– Touch: Extremely fine to the touch.
– Luster: Classified as brilliant.
– Color: They have shades of light brown, but the cinnamon color prevails.
– Length: It has a natural limit, on average 3.8 cm.
– Resistance: Average between 15000 and 17000 lbs / m2.

The natural color of vicuna fiber is cinnamon, but it could be dye into different colors such as:

04.

Chaccu

The wild animals are shorn alive during a ceremony called “Chaccu” which is steeped in the legend and tradition handed down
by the ancestors.

“Chaccu” is an ancestral method trough which ancient Andean cultures obtained vicuna fiber, an invaluable gift from the gods.

This consisted in forming a great human chain of people carrying small colored flags and emitting chants, encircling herds of vicunas until they were hemmed into a circle and enclosed in a pen; here they would be sheared without causing them any harm.

Once the fleece possessing the warmth and golden glimmer of the sun´s rays was obtained, they thanked the Inti (Sun), and the vicunas were set free again.

The practice of this millenary method is still happening today and it has prevented the extinction of such a precious species.

05.

Woman and Vicuna

“Women in Peru between the ages of 50 and 59 do not have their own income” *

Women are a fundamental part of the vicuna fiber process; they not only participate in the capture or “Chaccu” but they are the main engine in the primary transformation workshops of vicuna.

Sorting process is a skill that is obtained with the experience of the constant manipulation of the fiber, it is in this way that Andean women are included in the labor market and they empower themselves in a very conservative society.

INEI: National Institute of Statistics and Informatics.

06.

Products

We have specialized machinery to work with such a noble fiber, so we have more than 20 years in the management and treatment of it.
Every product is unique and has its own traceable number.

OUTERWEAR

Capes, jackets and coats.

ACCESSORIES

Scarves and shawls in different weight and dimensions.

KNITWEAR

Sweaters and light weight shawls.

FABRICS

Thick fabrics for coats and lighter weight for jackets or capes.

HOME

Throws and blankets.

07.

Policies and regulations

“Women in Peru between the ages of 50 and 59 do not have their own income” *

Once we produce the yarn, it has to be inspected and subscribed by a representative of Peruvian Government – SERFOR as a result we obtained a “RUCSS” (Wild South American Camelid Peruvian Unique Registration) certificate for the yarn. Afterwards a similar process has to be
done for the final product.

To be able to export the vicuna products a “CITES” (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) certificate is needed that should be requested by the producer.

For Additional

Information
Contact us

Please feel free to contact us for details! If you have any questions, we are happy to answer them and to offer you the whole assortment of our services!

CLAUDIA FUENTES

HEAD OF SALES VICUNA DIVISION
cfuentes@incalpaca.com

PHONE:

++51-54 60 30 00

ADDRESS:

Calle Cóndor 100, Tahuaycani Arequipa – Perú